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Sleepwalking to Disaster in Iran PDF Print E-mail
Peace News
Saturday, 02 April 2005 09:36
Sleepwalking to Disaster in Iran

The American Administration has decided launch a military attack on Iran, barring an improbable sanctions resolution against that country in the UN Security Council. Whether this attack takes place in June 2005, when the Pentagon has been instructed to be ready, or at a later date, once all other preparations have been made, is really the only question that remains to be answered. Scott Ritter analyses the situation.
Sleepwalking to Disaster in Iran

by Scott Ritter

March 30, 2005


Late last year, in the aftermath of the 2004 Presidential election, I was
contacted by someone close to the Bush administration about the situation in
Iraq. There was a growing concern inside the Bush administration, this
source said, about the direction the occupation was going. The Bush
administration was keen on achieving some semblance of stability in Iraq
before June 2005, I was told.

When I asked why that date, the source dropped the bombshell: because that
was when the Pentagon was told to be prepared to launch a massive aerial
attack against Iran, Iraq's neighbour to the east, in order to destroy the
Iranian nuclear programme.

Why June 2005?, I asked. 'The Israelis are concerned that if the Iranians
get their nuclear enrichment programme up and running, then there will be no
way to stop the Iranians from getting a nuclear weapon. June 2005 is seen as
the decisive date.'

To be clear, the source did not say that President Bush had approved plans
to bomb Iran in June 2005, as has been widely reported. The President had
reviewed plans being prepared by the Pentagon to have the military
capability in place by June 2005 for such an attack, if the President
ordered.

But when Secretary of State Condi Rice told America's European allies in
February 2005, in response to press reports about a pending June 2005
American attack against Iran, she said that 'the question [of a military
strike] is simply not on the agenda at this point -- we have diplomatic
means to do this.'

President Bush himself followed up on Rice's statement by stating that
'This notion that the United States is getting ready to attack Iran is
simply ridiculous.' He quickly added, 'Having said that, all options are on
the table.' In short, both the President and the Secretary of State were
being honest, and disingenuous, at the same time.

Truth to be told, there is no American military strike on the agenda; that
is, until June 2005.

It was curious that no one in the American media took it upon themselves to
confront the President or his Secretary of State about the June 2005 date,
or for that matter the October 2004 review by the President of military
plans to attack Iran in June 2005.

The American media today is sleepwalking towards an American war with Iran
with all of the incompetence and lack of integrity that it displayed during
a similar path trodden during the buildup to our current war with Iraq.

On the surface, there is nothing extraordinary about the news that the
President of the United States would order the Pentagon to be prepared to
launch military strikes on Iran in June 2005 . That Iran has been a target
of the Bush administration's ideologues is no secret: the President himself
placed Iran in the 'axis of evil' back in 2002, and has said that the world
would be a better place with the current Iranian government relegated to the
trash bin of history.

The Bush administration has also expressed its concern about Iran's nuclear
programmes - concerns shared by Israel and the European Union, although to
different degrees.

In September 2004, Iran rejected the International Atomic Energy Agency's
call for closing down its nuclear fuel production programme (which many in
the United States and Israel believe to be linked to a covert nuclear
weapons programme).

Iran then test fired a ballistic missile with sufficient range to hit
targets in Israel as well as US military installations in Iraq and
throughout the Middle East.

The Iranian response triggered a serious re-examination of policy by both
Israel and the United States.

The Israeli policy review was driven in part by the Iranian actions, and in
part by Israel's own intelligence assessment regarding the Iranian nuclear
programme, made in August 2004 .

This assessment held that Iran was 'less than a year' away from completing
its uranium enrichment programme. If Iran was allowed to reach this
benchmark, the assessment went on to say, then it had reached the 'point of
no return' for a nuclear weapons programme. The date set for this 'point of
no return' was June 2005.

Israel's Defense Minister, Shaul Mofaz, declared that 'under no
circumstances would Israel be able to tolerate nuclear weapons in Iranian
possession'.

Since October 2003 Israel had a plan in place for a pre-emptive strike
against Iran's major nuclear facilities, including the nuclear reactor
facility in Busher (scheduled to become active in 2005).

These plans were constantly being updated, something that did not escape
the attention of the Bush White House.

The Israeli policy toward Iran, when it comes to stopping the Iranian
nuclear programme, has always been for the US to lead the way.

'The way to stop Iran', a senior Israeli official has said, 'is by the
leadership of the US, supported by European countries and taking this issue
to the UN, and using the diplomatic channel with sanctions as a tool and a
very deep inspection regime and full transparency.'

It seems that Tel Aviv and Washington, DC aren't too far removed on their
Iranian policy objectives, except that there is always the unspoken 'twist':
what if the United States does not fully support European diplomatic
initiatives, has no interest in letting IAEA inspections work, and envisions
UN sanctions as a permanent means of containment until regime change is
accomplished in Tehran, as opposed to a tool designed to compel Iran to
cooperate on eliminating its nuclear programme?

Because the fact is, despite recent warm remarks by President Bush and
Condi Rice, the US does not fully embrace the EU's Iran diplomacy, viewing
it as a programme 'doomed to fail'.

The IAEA has come out with an official report, after extensive inspections
of declared Iranian nuclear facilities in November 2004, that says there is
no evidence of an Iranian nuclear weapons programme; the Bush administration
responded by trying to oust the IAEA's lead inspector, Mohammed al-Baradei.

And the Bush administration's push for UN sanctions shows every intention
of making such sanctions deep, painful and long-lasting.

Curiously, the date for the Bush administration's move to call for UN
sanctions against Iran is June 2005.

According to a US position paper circulated in Vienna at the end of last
month, the US will give the EU-Iran discussions until June 2005 to resolve
the Iranian standoff.

'Ultimately only the full cessation and dismantling of Iran's fissile
material production efforts can give us any confidence that Iran has
abandoned its nuclear weapons ambitions,' the US draft position paper said.

Iran has called such thinking 'hallucinations' on the part of the Bush
administration.

The American media today is sleepwalking towards an American war with Iran
Economic sanctions and military attacks are not one and the same. Unless, of
course, the architect of America's Iran policy never intends to give
sanctions a chance.

Enter John Bolton, who, as the former US undersecretary of state for arms
control and international security for the Bush administration, is
responsible for drafting the current US policy towards Iran.

In February 2004, Bolton threw down the gauntlet by stating that Iran had a
'secret nuclear weapons programme' that was unknown to the IAEA. 'There is
no doubt that Iran has a secret nuclear weapons production programme',
Bolton said, without providing any source to back up his assertions.

This is the same John Bolton who had in the past accused Cuba of having an
offensive biological weapons programme, a claim even Bush administration
hardliners had to distance themselves from.

John Bolton is the Bush official who declared the European Union's
engagement with Iran 'doomed to fail'. He is the Bush administration
official who led the charge to remove Muhammad al-Baradai from the IAEA.

And he is the one who, in drafting the US strategy to get the UN Security
Council to impose economic sanctions against Iran, asked the Pentagon to be
prepared to launch 'robust' military attacks against Iran should the UN fail
to agree on sanctions.

Bolton understands better than most the slim chances any US-brokered
sanctions regime against Iran has in getting through the Security Council.

The main obstacle is Russia, a permanent member of the Security Council who
not only possesses a veto, but also is Iran's main supporter (and supplier)
when it comes to its nuclear power programme.

Since October 2003 Israel had a plan in place for a pre-emptive strike
against Iran's major nuclear facilities

John Bolton has made a career out of alienating the Russians. Bolton was
one of the key figures who helped negotiate a May 2002 arms reduction treaty
signed by Presidents George W. Bush and Vladimir Putin in Moscow.

This treaty was designed to reduce the nuclear arsenals of both America and
Russia by two thirds over a 10 year period.

But that treaty - to Russia's immense displeasure - now appears to have
been made mute thanks to a Bolton-inspired legal loophole that the Bush
administration had built into the treaty language.

John Bolton knows Russia will not go along with UN sanctions against Iran,
which makes the military planning being conducted by the Pentagon all the
more relevant.

John Bolton's nomination as the next US Ambassador to the United Nations is
as curious as it is worrying. This is the man who, before a panel discussion
sponsored by the World Federalist Association in 1994, said 'There is no
such thing as the United Nations.'

For the United States to submit to the will of the Security Council, Bolton
wrote in a 1999 Weekly Standard article, would mean that 'its discretion in
using force to advance its national interests is likely to be inhibited in
the future.'

But John Bolton doesn't let treaty obligations, such as those incurred by
the United States when it signed and ratified the UN Charter, get in the
way. 'Treaties are law only for US domestic purposes', he wrote in a 17
November 1997 Wall Street Journal Op Ed. 'In their international operation,
treaties are simply political obligations.'

John Bolton believes that Iran should be isolated by United Nations
sanctions and, if Iran will not back down from its nuclear programme,
confronted with the threat of military action.

And as the Bush administration has noted in the past, particularly in the
case of Iraq, such threat must be real and meaningful, and backed by the
will and determination to use it.

And the Bush administration's push for UN sanctions shows every intention
of making such sanctions deep, painful and long-lasting. John Bolton and
others in the Bush administration contend that, despite the lack of proof,
Iran's nuclear intentions are obvious.

In response, the IAEA's Muhammad al-Baradai has pointed out the lack of a
'smoking gun' which would prove Iran's involvement in a nuclear weapons
programme. 'We are not God', he said. 'We cannot read intentions.'

But, based upon history, precedent, and personalities, the intent of the
United States regarding Iran is crystal clear: the Bush administration
intends to bomb Iran.

Whether this attack takes place in June 2005, when the Pentagon has been
instructed to be ready, or at a later date, once all other preparations have
been made, is really the only question that remains to be answered.

That, and whether the journalists who populate the mainstream American
media will continue to sleepwalk on their way to facilitating yet another
disaster in the Middle East.

Scott Ritter former UN Chief Weapons inspector in Iraq, 1991-1998 author of
'Iraq Confidential: The Untold Story of America's Intelligence Conspiracy'.
Last Updated on Saturday, 02 April 2005 09:36
 

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