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cop21failed to address the urgency of Climate Change; Time to be Bold PDF Print E-mail
Justice News
Posted by Joan Russow
Friday, 09 September 2016 12:46

by JoanRussow PhD

Global Compliance Research Project

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One systemic Constraint is that some NGOs support a flawed document ,which  does not seriously address the prevention of climate change because the document has, like an ominibus bill , included some statements that promote the NGOs main agenda




SDG13 on climate change, addressing climate change is described as urgent and concerned that climate change could jeopardize the fulfillment of most of the SDGs. and the key biodiversity areas.


Ban Ki Moon, in Paris, urged states to negotiate with a global vision not with national vested interests (Cop21 press conference)

A global vision  would be to address article 2 and at a minimum to immediately end all subsidies for fossil fuel, to calculate the carbon budget for each state, to divest in fossil fuels and to reinvest in renewable energy, to conserve sinks -such as old growth forests and bogs (not  just as a means to offset emissions), to strengthen conservation of  biodiversity, to avoid all false solutions such as nuclear, geo-engineering and biofuels which would all violate principles within the UNFCCC, to compensate for historical  emissions, and to institute a fair and just transition for workers affected negatively by the new vision.to promote nature based solutions

ALARMED that in 2016 the global community is in danger of non-compliance with the purpose of the legally binding United Nations Framework on Climate Change( article 2)

is to achieve, in accordance with the relevant provisions of

the Convention, stabilization of greenhouse gas

concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent

dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.


RECOGNIZING the application of the non-regression principle related to making a commitment to mitigate in UNFCCC in 1992 to making a “contribution” to mitigate (Paris Agreement)

DISMAYED that the contributions by states in the Paris Agreement could cause the temperature to rise to over 3 degree rise in temperature Concerned about the looming exhaustion of the carbon budget

AWARE that 2016 is the 40th Anniversary of Habitat 1 and in 1976 at Habitat 1, member states of the United Nations affirmed the following in assessing the military budget:

"The waste and misuse of resources in war and armaments should be prevented. All countries should make a firm commitment to promote general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control, … part of the resources thus released should be utilized so as to achieve a better quality of life for humanity "(II, 12 Habitat 1).

RECALLING that under Article 22 of the Charter of the United Nations, the UNGA is able to set up an international tribunal

The World Conservation Congress, at its session in Hawai‘i, United States of America, 1-10 September 2016:


1 Encourages the IUCN Law Commission  to seek an advisory opinion from the International Court of Justice on whether  the current ”contributions” in the Paris agreement  violate  Article 2 of the UNFCCC and determine what actions would be necessary to comply with article 2

2. Urges the major greenhouse gas emitters , at a minimum, to calculate their  carbon budget and  to make  a firm commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emission to 25% below1990 levels by 2020 and to achieve decarbonisation and 100 % below 1990 levels by 2050

A Real global commitment, however, would be time lines and targets in line with existing and emerging science such as 15% below 1990 by 2017, 20% below 1990 by 2018, 30% below 1990 levels by 2018, 40% below 1990 levels by 2020, 60 % below 1990 levels by 2025, 75% below 1990 below1990 levels by 2035 and 100% below 1990 emissions by 2040, and  reaching Decarbonization with 100% socially equitable ecologically sound renewable energy,

3 Requests immediate end to fossil fuel subsidies, and supports socially equitable and environmentally sound renewable energy such as solar, wind and geothermal

4. Promotes a high and rising price on carbon, on a global scale, with some or all of the income to be redistributed on a per capita basis

5. Requests the IPCC to immediately cancel the exemption of greenhouse gas emissions from the military, and requests the IPCC  to require each state to release greenhouse gas emission information from the production of all weapons systems, military exercises, war games, weapons testing, military aviation


6.Urges states to reallocate military expenses to assist in fulfilling obligations under the UNFCCC and calls for the UNGA invoke Article 22 of the Charter of the United Nations, and set up an international tribunal to address the urgency  and to further the legal imperative to act with urgency 










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