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International Day for Biological Diversity 2015: SDGs and compliance with precautionary principle. PDF Print E-mail
Earth News
Written by Joan Russow
Friday, 22 May 2015 10:15

 

By  Joan Russow, Global Compliance Research Project

 

 

 


``This year’s theme of the international day for Biodiversity reflects the importance of efforts made at all levels to establish a set of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as part of the United Nations Post-2015 Development Agenda for the period of 2015-2030 and the relevance of biodiversity for the achievement of sustainable development.`` In 1992, since the negotiation of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Rio declaration, there has been  progressive  loss  of biodiversity caused by the failure to invoke the precautionary .principle to ban practices, and substances  which impact on land and  water has led to the loss of biodiversity.

The theme of Rio+20 was" the future we want”. In 2015 the United Nations SDGs theme: 2030 “shaping the world we want.  The question arises; isit possible to have sustainability within a world of predominantly unsustainable substances and practices that defy the precautionary principle.

 

 DEFINITIONS OF THE PRECAUTIONARY PRINCIPLE

At the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development the precautionary principle was established as an international peremptory norm; and as a principle of International common law it has appeared in different versions

 In the legally binding Convention on Biological Biodiversity, the precautionary principle   reads;

Where there is a threat of significant reduction or loss of biological diversity, lack of full scientific certainty should not be used as a reason for postponing measures to avoid or minimize such a threat

 

In the universally adopted Rio Declaration, the precautionary principle reads;

Where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage lack of full scientific certainty should not be used as a reason for postponing cost-effective measures to prevent environmental degradation." (Rio Declaration, UNCED1992).

*interpretation of the precautionary principle in the Rio Declaration

Under under article 6 ofthe 1995 agreement “relating to the Conservation and management of straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks …is the obligation to invoke the precautionary principle.

And

1. To apply the precautionary approach widely to conservation, management and exploitation of straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks in order to protect the living marine resources and preserve the marine environment.

2. To be more cautious when information is uncertain, unreliable or inadequate. The absence of adequate scientific information shall not be used as a reason for postponing or failing to take conservation and management measures.

Under article 6 are obligations for implementing precautionary measures

6 3(d) develop data collection and research programmes to assess the impact of fishing on non-target and associated or dependent species and their environment, and adopt plans which are necessary to ensure the conservation of such species and to protect habitats of special concern.

Citizens have a legitimate expectation that states will live up to its international obligations and Commitments, and that scientists will free to carry out research without being impeded.  This petition is submitted under “outline how international environmental commitments are being met”.

 

 

A SHORT SELECTION OF EXAMPLES, AMONG 1000S, WHERE THE PRECAUTIONARY PRINCIPLE SHOULD HAVE BEEN INVOKED AND PRACTICS OR SUBTANCES, BANNED

There is sufficient scientific evidence that neonicotinoid and similar pesticides have been decimating the bee population,

There is sufficient scientific evidence that glyphosate pesticide has been harmful to human health and the environment:

There is sufficient scientific evidence that genetically engineered crops have destroyed milk weed, and thus has contributed to the reduction of Monarch butterflies

There is sufficient scientific evidence that accidents on pipelines have destroy biodiversity

There is sufficient scientific evidence that fracking is associated with earth quakes, and with deterioration of water systems crucial to the conservation of biodiversity

   

 

There is sufficient scientific evidence that genetically  engineered  crops have been destroying biodiversity

There is sufficient scientific evidence that accidents with tankers have contributed to loss of biodiversity

There is sufficient scientific evidence that *ISA and other viruses are in farmed salmon, and have even spread to wild salmon, that these viruses have arisen because of salmon aquaculture

There is sufficient scientific evidence that transgenic salmon could be harmful to biodiversity

There is sufficient scientific evidence that mechanically harvesting seaweed has caused a depletion of seaweed in areas where herring spawn.

There is sufficient scientific evidence that the IUCN red listed species are threatened  and the failure to act has caused a loss of biodiversity

There is sufficient scientific evidence that sonar on the tankers  and various underwater testing could harm whales

Etc. to add to the preliminary list, Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

 

Shaping the world you want is impeded by the continuation of the world you do not want.

For a longer list of practices and substance that impede the world we do not want, and that are ,in some cases, indirectly contributing to loss of biodiversity,  see

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):the world we want is impeded by the continuation of the world we do not want

https://pejnews.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10112:sustainable-development-goals-sdgsshaping-the-world-you-want-is-impeded-by-the-continuation-of-the-world-you-do-not-want&catid=74:ijustice-news&Itemid=216

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Last Updated on Friday, 22 May 2015 10:30
 

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